Glossary of Soccer Terms

Advantage

 

a special rule that allows play to continue after a foul if it would be disadvantageous to the team that was fouled.

Caution

Yellow Card

Challenge

Blocking or impeding an opposing player who is in possession of the ball

Centre Mark

The circle at the middle of the field. It should be 10 yards in diameter.

Corner Arc

An arc with a radius of 1 yard at the 4 corners of the field where the touchlines meet the goal lines.

Corner Kick

A direct free kick awarded if the defending team was the last to touch the ball before it passed over its own goal line.

Cross

A long pass into the centre from the wing

Direct Free Kick

A free-kick resulting from a foul that can be shot into the goal without having to be touched by another player.

Dribble

Controlling the ball on the ground with the feet.

Far Post

The goalpost farthest from the ball.

Free-kick

Awarded after a player has fouled an opponent. May be direct or indirect.

Give and Go

A play in which a player makes a short pass to another player and then immediately breaks and receives the ball back.

Goal Area

A box surrounding the goal that stops and starts yards to each side of the goal (from the inside of the goal post) and extends into the field 6 yards.

Goal Kick

A free-kick awarded the goalie if the offense was the last to contact the ball before passing over the goal line.

Hand-ball

When a player other than the goalkeeper touches the ball with his arm or hand.

Indirect Free Kick

A free kick resulting from a foul that cannot be shot directly into the goal. If the ball enters the goal without touching another player, the goal is void.

Injury Time

Additional time added to the end of each half to compensate for the stoppage of play due to injuries, wasted time, or the scoring of a goal.

Mark

To cover a specific opposing player closely to prevent him from receiving the ball.

Match

A traditional name for a game

Near Post

The goalpost nearest to the ball.

Obstruction

A foul caused by preventing an opponent from playing the ball by blocking their path to the ball. Results in an indirect free kick.

Offside

An infraction of the rules in which an offensive player does not have at least two defensemen (including the goalie) between them and the goal line when the ball is played forward by a member the offensive team.

Penalty Area

Another box surrounding the goal that begins and ends 18 yards to each side of the goal (from the inside of the goal post) that extends 18 yards into the field.

Penalty Kick

A direct free kick awarded for a foul occurring in the penalty area. The ball is placed 12 yards from in front of the goal. Only the goalie and fouled player may be in the penalty area during the kick, but any player may play the ball once touched by the goalie.

Penalty Mark

A ‘dot’ on the field that is 12 yards in front of the goal, equidistant to each goal post, or in other words, centred.

Red Card

Card held up by a referee indicating that a player has been ejected from the game.

Screening

Also called Shielding. A technique where a controlling player keeps their body between the ball and a marking opponent.

Slide Tackle

A technique of tackling (stealing) the ball from a dribbler by making contact with the ball while sliding on the turf. May be outlawed in youth leagues.

Side

A traditional name for a team

Striker

A forward whose primary responsibility is to pursue goal-scoring opportunities.

Sweeper

A defender the roams the defensive zone between the fullbacks and the goalie.

Tackle

To take the ball away from a dribbler using the feet.

Through Pass

A passed ball that splits a pair of defenders.

Throw-In:

A technique returning the ball in play when it leaves the field over the touchlines. The player must have both hands on the ball, throw over his head while keeping both feet on the ground.

Touchlines

Also called sidelines. The two lines marking the boundaries of the longest part of the field

Trap or Trapping

To receive the ball in a controlled manner with any part of the body. Usually trapped with the foot, thigh or chest.

Volley

Kicking the ball in or out of mid-air.

Wall

A group of defenders standing near shoulder to shoulder in attempt to defend a free kick near the goal.

Yellow Card

A card held up by the referee that warns a player that any further misconduct will result in their ejection from the game.